How to Rinse Your Recyclables Without Wasting Water
To rinse or not to rinse your recyclables?
Our simple suggestion: empty and put the lid back on your cartons before tossing them in your recycling bin. However, we suggest checking with your local recycling facility to confirm what’s best in your area.
Read on to learn more about rinsing your recyclables, originally posted by LifeHacker, Nick Douglas.
How much to rinse
Recyclables are all washed at the center. Rinsing is mostly about keeping vermin out of the system, says Jason Hale, VP of communications at the non-profit Recycling Partnership. So you only need to rinse them enough that they’re not magnets for rats and ants. Remember that recyclables will sit in a bin, then a truck, then a pile at the recycling facility. (If they’ll also sit in an open container in your house, you might also rinse them enough to reduce the smell.)
If your local recycling system collects paper and containers in the same bin, rinsing also keeps that paper recyclable. Pasta sauce oozing out of the jar and onto newspaper can make that newspaper un-recyclable, says Todd Lawrence, Executive Director of the non-profit Urban Green Lab: “This is the reason China just stopped buying tons of U.S. recyclables, because of excess contamination.”
“I’ve had local residents who proudly told me that they ran their recyclables through the dishwasher,” says Hale. That, he says, is unnecessary. He recommends just “the quickest of rinses, or if you’re in an area with a water shortage, just a shake and a wipe.” (The energy spent on the paper towel is less than that spent on the container.)
This also means you don’t need to rinse a container that’s already fairly clean, and you don’t need to use soap. Martin Vogt, president of recycling plant EFS-Plastics, recommends rinsing recyclables with dirty dishwater after you clean a sink full of dishes.
Of course, some containers have more stuck-on food. That’s fine, says Sam Silver, Education & Outreach Coordinator at Sims Municipal Recycling: “If there’s still some peanut butter stuck to the bottom of that glass jar—which there usually is—I don’t recommend wasting water worrying about it.”
If you really want to optimize, separate lids and containers when they’re two different materials. “Material types should always be separated when possible,” says Silver. “So plastic caps can stay on plastic packages, but it’s helpful to keep metal lids off glass jars.”
Recycling containers save a lot of energy: recycling an aluminum can saves 95% of the energy used to make a new one. But how much of that energy is wasted by the rinse? Barely any.
“Since I’m both an environmental scientist and a lazy person, I’ve actually done the math on this before,” says Jason Goodman, associate professor of physics and environmental science at Wheaton College Massachusetts. “I found that recycling saves far more energy than the cost of washing the containers.”
You can see Goodman’s math, and his sources, in this spreadsheet. He used EPA estimates for energy savings, and assumed that a rinse would use a full container’s worth of hot water. Even with this generous estimate, rinsing only uses up 2-8% of the energy saved by recycling.